Globally Harmonized System FAQ
What is the Globally Harmonized System?
A. The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is an international approach to hazard communication, providing agreed criteria for classification of chemical hazards, and a standardized approach to label elements and safety data sheets. The GHS was negotiated in a multi-year process by hazard communication experts from many different countries, international organizations, and stakeholder groups. It is based on major existing systems around the world, including OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard and the chemical classification and labeling systems of other US agencies.
The result of this negotiation process is the United Nations' document entitled "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals," commonly referred to as The Purple Book. This document provides harmonized classification criteria for health, physical, and environmental hazards of chemicals. It also includes standardized label elements that are assigned to these hazard classes and categories, and provide the appropriate signal words, pictograms, and hazard and precautionary statements to convey the hazards to users. A standardized order of information for safety data sheets is also provided. These recommendations can be used by regulatory authorities such as OSHA to establish mandatory requirements for hazard communication, but do not constitute a model regulation.
The table below summarizes the phase-in dates required under the revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS):
||Effective Completion Date|
||Train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format.
||Dec. 1, 2013
|Chemical manufacturers,importers, distributors, and employers||Compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule except:
The distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label
|June 1, 2015
Dec. 1, 2015
|Employers||Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.||June 1, 2016|
Links to free GHS training:
- Training Requirements Fact Sheet (PDF)
- OSHA Brief on Labels and Pictograms (PDF)
- Downloadable Hazard Communication Pictograms (HTML)
- Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (HTML)
- Hazard Communication Sample Label (HTML)
ISSA : GHS Training